'Ease of Living' as a term though widely used in urban policy and programming, has no standard definition. For some, it is fundamentally tied to physical amenities such as water supply, solid waste management, parks and green space etc; for others it relates to cultural offerings, career opportunities, economic dynamism or safety.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched a set of ‘Ease of Living' standards that combines these various facets of urban living. In its current format, it seeks to serve as a common minimum framework for cities to evaluate themselves and will evolve in future rounds to better represent the needs and aspirations of the people.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has developed a set of ‘Ease of Living Standards' to generate an Ease of Living Index and rank cities. A total of 78 indicators - 56 Core Indicators and 22 Supporting Indicators are covered under the Index. These have been grouped under 15 thematic categories, which in turn are part of the four pillars of urban development, namely INSTITUTIONAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC and PHYSICAL. Based on the performance of cities against the core and supporting indicators, various ‘Category Sub-Indices’ and a composite ‘City Ease of Living Index’ has been developed for each city.